Common Terms

Term

Kanji

Meaning

Karate

空手

Japanese Martial Arts (literally Empty Hand)

Dojo

道場

Training hall (literally Place of the way)

Shihan

師範

Senior instructor

Sensei

先生

Teacher

Sempai

先輩

Senior student

Gi

衣 or 着

Uniform (Karate Suit)

Kyu

Levels below Black belt, counting down to 1st kyu, usually from 10th kyu

Dan

Steps showing mastery of the art, starting from 1st dan

Rei

Courtesy/Bow

Osu

押忍

Acknowledgement

Yoi

用意

Ready

Hajime

始め

Begin

Yame

止め

Stop

Mawatte

回って

Turn

Narande

並んで

Line up

Kihon

基本

Basic

Kata

型or形

Form

Kumite

組手

Sparring

Zanshin

残心

Remaining mind (alertness)